The New Zealand Broadcasting Service began
transmitting from AKTV2 Auckland on 1 June 1960,
broadcasting for 2 hours per night, 2 nights a week.
In 1962 the New Zealand Broadcasting Service became the
New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation (NZBC).
In April 1964 the NZBC formally asked the government for
the approval of a second television channel, but it was
turned down as the priority was to complete primary
coverage around the country before any additional
services were offered.
In 1970 an enquiry
was began into the need for a second channel, and by 1971
two proposals were being considered; the NZBC's 2nd non
commertial channel and the Independent Television
Corporation. The Broadcasting Authority was in favour of
Independent Television's bid, but in 1972 the Labour
Party came into power and awarded the licence to NZBC
before any formal hearings could take place. $50,000
compensation was eventually awarded to the losing
On 1 April 1975, the NZBC was split into 3 seperate state
owned corporations; Television One, Television Two and Radio New Zealand. The
Avalon Television Centre in Wellington opened that day
and became the headquarters of TV One. WNTV1 and DNTV2
studios were used for TV One, while AKTV2 and CHTV3
studios were used for TV Two, which commenced later that
In 1977, however, the 3 new corporations combined back
together to form the BCNZ.
In 1980 the 2 television channels merged to form
Television New Zealand, with the purpose of finally
providing a divident to the Government. The merger was
promised to provide 'complementary programming' for both
In 1 December 1988 the BCNZ was legislated out of
existance, and split TVNZ and Radio New Zealand into
In 1989 the revised Broadcasting Act deregulated the New
Zealand market and allowed for the auctioning of UHF
frequencies. The act also allowed for
commercials to be broadcast on Sundays for the first
time, but only after
midday. The Broadcasting Standards Authority was formed,
and the independent body 'New Zealand On Air' was set up
to distribute the funds raised from the 'Broadcasting
Fee', which replaced the TV Licence.
In 1995 TVNZ launched Horizon Pacific Television,
consisting of four regional TV stations. By 1997 TVNZ had
replaced all stations with the world's only free-to-air
broadcast of MTV. The following year it too was shut
On 1 December 2001, both TVNZ channels commenced
broadcasting on the Sky Digital Satellite service.